NASA’s ambitious plan to land the first-ever woman on the surface of the Moon by the year 2024 is now named Artemis, the Greek goddess of the Moon and the twin sister of the god Apollo.
“I think it is very beautiful that 50 years after Apollo, the Artemis program will carry the next man and the first woman to the Moon,” NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine. “I have a daughter who is 11 years old, and I want her to be able to see herself in the same role as the next women that go to the Moon.”
NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine announced the name of the Mission on May 13th and released its updated Budget Request of extra $1.6 billion adding to the current requested budget of whopping $21 billion (INR 1589627.5 Crore).
NASA also released the names of the nine companies that will be part of this new operation to land humans to the moon. Lockheed Martin, Astrobotic Technology, Deep Space Systems, Draper, Firefly Aerospace, Texas Intuitive Machines LLC, Masten Space Systems Inc., Moon Express and Orbit Beyond.
In March Vice President of the United States, Mike Pence called on NASA to boost up its Lunar Initiatives and put the first human to the surface of the Moon within the next five years.
This year will be the 50th year since the launch of the Apollo 11.
This project is still under very beginnings since NASA has been developing a rocket and crew capsule to take people into deep space and those vehicles still have yet to actually carry any astronauts.
The Lunar project still needs budget approval from the government to develop new Equipment including new Lunar Landers.
First Human to land on the Surface of the Moon:
On 16th July 1969, NASA launched the Apollo 11 which carried three Astronauts to the Moon. On July 21st, 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first human to land on the surface of the Moon, the second was Buzz Aldrin and since then 12 humans have landed on the surface of the moon in the time period of 1969-1972, all were Male and were from the USA.
You can briefly read about Apollo 11 here.
Twelve Humans landed on the Moon (in Order):
- Neil Armstrong
- Buzz Aldrin
- Pete Conrad
- Alan Bean
- Alan Shepard
- Edgar Mitchell
- David Scott
- James Irwin
- John Young
- Charles Duke
- Eugene Cernan
- Harrison Schmitt
The last person to land on the surface of the moon was Harrison Schmitt who was part of the Apollo 17 Crew.