ISRO will send humans to space on the eve of the 75th Anniversary of the Independence Day of India as announced on Friday by the Union Minister Dr. Jitendera Singh in the Press Conference.
The announcement just came within 24 hours of ISRO announcing that its second Moon mission Chandrayaan-2 will be launched on July 15th.
An exclusive special has been created for the project and the Gaganyaan National Advisory Council will monitor the project and an amount of INR 10,000 crore has been approved by the Union Cabinet.
The mission will be totally “Make In India” project and it will send two or three humans with the spacecraft to space. Selection of 2-3 crew for Gaganyan will begin in six months, Dr. Singh said and added that they will undergo training for a year or year-and-a-half after that.
The Astronauts will stay in Space for a period of seven days, the spacecraft will be placed in a low earth orbit of 300-400km.
ISRO will use its GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle, which has the required payload capability to launch the craft into space. Prior to that, two unmanned missions will be undertaken — the first one in December next year and the second, six months after that.
Plans after first manned mission:
India is planning to have its own Space Station after the manned mission planned to be launched in August 2022, which will weight about 20 tonnes and will be placed in an orbit of 400 km above the earth where astronauts can stay for 15-20 days, the time frame of the project is 5-7 years after Gaganyaan as stated by Dr. Sivan, Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).